When you are living or travelling to tropical countries, you are in the high risk of getting heat stroke, especially you are traveller from temperate areas. In this article, we introduce some brief views about heatstroke as well as how to prevent heat stroke.
- 1 What is heat stroke and how to prevent heat stroke
- 1.2 What is heat stroke?
- 1.3 Some symptoms of heatstroke are
- 1.4 First aid for heatstroke
- 1.5 Complications of heatstroke
- 1.6 Prevention of heatstroke (how to prevent heat stroke)
- 1.6.1 Water to prevent heat stroke
- 1.6.2 Prevention of sunburn
- 1.6.3 Having a working plan in the hottest days
- 1.6.4 Wear lightweight clothing
- 1.6.5 Don’t leave anyone in a closed, parked vehicle
- 1.6.6 Maintain electrolyte balance and prevent heat stroke
- 1.6.7 Precaution of medication to prevent heat stroke
- 1.6.8 Author Bio
What is heat stroke and how to prevent heat stroke
What is heat stroke?
Heatstroke is a dangerous condition that happens when the body temperature increases too high and the body can not cool down itself. Heatstroke can threaten life due to its damage to brain, heart, liver, and kidneys. This fatal condition often appears in the people who are in hot place in long time or do hard working under the sun without having protective gear and drinking enough water.
Some symptoms of heatstroke are
- High fever, the temperature is 40 degree Celsius or over.
- Changing in mental status: lethargy, confusion, agitation, slurred speech or fainting in the elderly.
- Diaphoresis and sweating, if the condition goes severe, the skin will become dry.
- Nausea and vomiting due to electrolyte imbalance.
- Tachycardia and high respiratory rate.
First aid for heatstroke
Heat stroke is a seriously dangerous condition that can cause death, especially with the vulnerable people such as children and elderly. Because of the severity of heat stroke, first aids is very necessary and one of your small act can save a life. When you suspect someone suffer from heat stroke, you can follow some below steps:
- Move the person to the shadow or cool area, avoid exposing with the sun then remove excess clothing and emergency number as soon as possible.
- Provide water if the person is still awake, when the patient is lethargic, consuming water can make aspiration and respiratory failure.
- Apply cold compress in the neck, armpits, groin to reduce the body temperature.
Complications of heatstroke
Heatstroke can cause very harmful damage to many organs in the body, which can lead to death. The severity of complication will depend on the time and the temperature that the person expose to.