Lettuce known as “salad patta” in hindi is an annual plant of the daisy family Asteraceae. It is most often grown as a leaf vegetable, but sometimes for its stem and seeds. Generally grown as a hardy annual, lettuce is easily cultivated, although it requires relatively low temperatures to prevent it from flowering quickly. Lettuce is most often used for salads, although it is also seen in other kinds of food, such as soups, sandwiches and wraps; it can also be grilled. Lettuce is a rich source of vitamin K and vitamin A, and is a moderate source of folate and iron. Contaminated lettuce is often a source of bacterial, viral and parasitic outbreaks in humans, including E. coli and Salmonella.There are numerous lettuce benefits .
Types of Lettuce
- Romaine lettuce – This is your classic Greek salad, Sweet and crunchy.
- Crisphead lettuce – Iceberg. White on the inside, Crisp texture and mild taste.
- Butterhead lettuce – Boston and Bibb. Large green leaves which are soft and sweet.
- Red and Green Leaf lettuce : delicate taste and leaves.
Lettuce benefits for health
Iron is important for the blood hemoglobin amount and also for many other heart-related benefits. Iron content can be very well-balanced with lettuce leaves as they provide almost four times the iron in the romaine variety than in the iceberg one.
Vitamin C in lettuce is a rich source of antioxidants that prevent free radical formation and curb unwanted reactions that cause diseases and even cancers.
Insomnia is often found to be cured by eating lettuce with its lactucarium content that you see when the leaves are broken or cut. It helps induce relaxation and sleep.
Lettuce leaves are high in water content. Thus they keep the body well-hydrated and benefits of lettuce help the release of excess fat from the cells.
Low glycemic index
Due to the less caloric value of lettuce, its glycemic index is considered zero and thus, lettuce benefits maintaining blood sugar level one of important lettuce benefits.
Omega-3 fatty acids
With a 2:1 ratio of Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, lettuce is really beneficial for maintaining a good overall health.
Digestive System health
Lettuce benefits relieving constipation and for good colon health. This is because lettuce leaves are rich in fiber.
Lettuce, which has such a good proportion of nutrients with such less fat and calories, is preferred as a perfect weight loss-inducing veggie.
Vitamin K content that is present in almost three times the amount than that in the normal iceberg lettuce is necessary for the body.
Lettuce benefits for skin
The combination of vitamin E and vitamin C in this vegetable helps in keeping skin healthy as you age. Vitamin E also provides protection against the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays and reduces the risk of cataracts and macular degeneration.
Lettuce is a rich source of vitamin A with six leaves providing more than 100% of your daily value of vitamin A.
Fights Various Skin Problems
The compresses of this vegetable is effective against several skin problems. Boil two salads of the lettuce leaf in 1 litre of water for about 20 minutes. The resulting liquid can be used as a compress on the face and other body parts. This compress can help in curing acne and psoriasis by cleaning the skin. To be effective, compresses should be at room temperature and kept for 10 minutes.
Compresses also help in toning your facial skin and can be used as masks, particularly for dry skin.
It also contains potassium which gives a rich supply of nutrients and oxygen by improving circulation, thus resulting in a healthy and glowing skin.
Lettuce benefits for hair
Provides Vital Micro-minerals
It contains 8% silicon, 9% phosphorus and an ample supply of sulphur. These three minerals are vital for maintenance of skin, hair and nails.
Stimulates Hair Growth
Drinking lettuce juice on a regular basis stimulates hair growth by furnishing food to the nerves and roots of hair.